Hate Speech Doesn't Exist
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번역자 : 클로이 · 하이라이트 : 둔남이
Hate Speech Doesn't Exist
해외 보수 유튜버 영상
조회수 450회 · 1년 전
The big debate: Should freedom of expression be absolute?
On this episode of Heads Up, we debate if Freedom of Expression should be absolute or not. It's a tussle between those who feel freedom of expression should be absolute - a painter should be free to paint, a writer should be free to write without any fear, and those who feel freedom of expression cannot be absolute and should come with certain riders.
Watch full video: http://www.ndtv.com/video/player/heads-up/the-big-debate-should-freedom-of-expression-be-absolute/363462?yt
Do College Students Hate Free Speech? Let's Ask Them.
The faculty council at Occidental College is considering instituting a system for students to report microaggressions perpetrated against them by faculty members or other students.
Reason TV visited Occidental's campus to find out what exactly constitutes a microaggression. One Columbia psychology professor defined the term this way:
Microaggressions are the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership.
After exploring the limitations of a microaggression reporting system, we discussed broader free speech issues with the students in the wake of a month of campus protests that resulted in the resignations of several faculty members and a university president.
Most of the students defended free speech in principle, if not always in practice. This is consistent with a recent Pew Research Center survey, which found that although 95 percent of Americans agree that people should be allowed to publicly criticize government policies, support erodes when the question turns to offensive speech. While a majority of millennials still believe that the government should protect speech offensive to minorities, a whopping 40 percent believe the government should restric such speech.
"If you say 'You're less of a person because you're Muslim/Jewish/Christian/Catholic... that's not okay. That's a hate crime," one student told us.
Another student argued that the government should curtail the speech of Donald Trump, while a protest organizer told us that free speech is a rhetorical device used by the priveleged against the oppressed.
Visit http://reason.com/reasontv for downloadable versions. Approximately 8:30. Produced by Zach Weissmueller. Shot by Lexy Garcia. Additional post-production by Josh Swain. Music by Anitek, Redmann, and Doron Deutsch.
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Freedom of Speech: Crash Course Government and Politics #25
Today, FINALLY, Craig is going to talk about Free Speech! Now, free speech is so important because it not only allows you to critique the government, but it also protects you from the government. But it's essential to remember that not ALL speech is protected equally under the First Amendment, and just because you have a right to free speech doesn't mean your employer, for instance, can't fire you for something you say (unless your work for the government and then things get a bit more complicated). So we'll take a look at a couple significant Supreme Court cases that have gotten us to our current definition of free speech, and we'll also discuss some of the more controversial aspects of free speech - like hate speech.
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Free speech under attack
Is free speech under fire on Canadian university campuses? Some say it's being stifled in the name of political correctness.
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Dazzle your friends with your knowledge of 1st amendment free speech
http://vondranlegal.com/free-speech-lawyer/. [over 600 videos and growing]. Subscribe for new videos: https://bit.ly/38vXDzk
Most people think "I can say whatever I want its a free country" or "with free speech I can say whatever is on my mind." While this may be physically true, legally free speech can be costly. Most people I have met in my life really don't know much about the first amendment free speech. As Attorney Steve points out in the video "Free speech is not absolute." Speech can be regulated, prohibited, or outlawed in certain instances making your speech potentially illegal resulting in civil fines, penalties, damages, lawsuits, or worse yet, criminal violations such as a misdemeanor or potentially a felony.
Some areas that are "not absolute" are:
1. Hate speech
2. Fighting words
3. Clear and present danger / inciting riots (I think we are learning something about this these days)
4. Defamation (libel / slander)
5. Disclosure of trade secrets or breaching non-disclosure agreements
7. Certain commercial speech (ex. false advertising)
Watch this video so you can be ONE UP on your friends who do not truly understand the 1st amendment, or how it requires a "state actor" in most cases, or how the 1st amendment is incorporated into the 14th amendment and made applicable to the states or fail to understand the "strict scrutiny" test for laws that infringe on, or impinge free speech rights keeping in mind that reasonable "time, place and manner" regulations on free speech (not directed toward the content of the message) will normally be upheld as constitutional.
Feel free to share this video on your social media networks! Hope you enjoy!
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[비정상회담][46-5] 타일러vs일리야♨ '혐오 표현도 표현의 자유인가' (Abnormal Summit)
▶ “혐오주의를 혐오하는 나, 비정상인가요?”
｜ 20150518 비정상회담 EP.46
극단적인 혐오표현을 사용할 뿐 아니라 혐오주의에 공감하는 사람들이 있다고!?
이에 충격 받은 한국 청년은 오히려 혐오주의에 빠지게 되었다는데!?
“혐오주의를 혐오하는 나, 비정상인가요?”
혐오주의를 혐오하는 사람도 본질적으로는 혐오주의자와 다를 게 없다!
VS 혐오주의가 행동으로 이어지는 게 문제다! 누군가를 혐오하는 생각은 자유!
지금까지의 토론 중 가장 심각한 주제인 만큼 더욱 더 불타는 G12!
세계를 들썩이게 한 혐오주의!
막강 게스트인 진중권 교수가 독일에서 들은 혐오표현은 ‘○ 먹는 사람’!?
장위안이 중국에 들어오는 외국인을 환영하게 된 이유는!?
러시아에서는 모델의 동성애 혐오 발언으로 제품 불매 운동까지 일어났다!?
제품 불매 운동까지는 심했다! 그건 회사가 아닌 개인의 문제!
VS 그 개인을 모델로 쓴 회사에게도 책임이 없다고 할 수는 없다!
손댈 수 없을 정도로 점점 불이 붙는 G12의 토론!
이어지는 끝장 토론! 혐오표현도 표현의 자유다! VS 표현의 자유가 아니다!
표현의 자유는 그 어떠한 이유로도 침해받을 수 없는 권리이다!
VS 내 자유 때문에 다른 사람의 자유를 침해하는 건 진정한 자유가 아니다!
전현무 의장과 함께 하는 글로벌 문화대전! 각 나라의 한발 늦은 이슈 〈늦었슈〉
이탈리아 남자의 시대는 갔다! 이제는 독일 남자가 대세!? 사랑꾼 다니엘의 등장!
세계에서 가장 똑똑한 강아지는!? 축구하는 금붕어부터 살인사건의 범인을 잡은 앵무새까지!
[JTBC봐야지] 구독하기☞ http://bitly.kr/VgFZ3
What Is Hate Speech? We Asked College Students
How should "hate speech" be defined, and should it be regulated? We went to the campus of USC to ask college students, who are on the front lines of America's free speech battles.
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Jordan Peterson: Free Speech & the Right to Offend
Canadian psychologist Professor Jordan B Peterson is interviewed by ABC's Leigh Sales for 7.30, 12/3/2018.
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Former ACLU Head Ira Glasser on Why You Can't Ban Hate Speech
This clip is taken from the Joe Rogan Experience #1595 with Ira Glasser. https://open.spotify.com/episode/6l8Ho5vcp2yHonhSjLfzdl?si=7M73ECGsStypg1H-WIiNJw
DEBATE: Should We Limit Free Speech for Nazis?
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Should we limit the free speech of people with abhorrent ideologies? Professors Laura Kipnis, Angus Johnston, and author Brendan O'Neill debate.
Excerpted from Spiked Magazine's 'Unsafe Space Tour' panel discussion at New York Law School.
Moderated by Tom Slater (of Spiked Magazine).
Right to Offend - Laura Kipnis on Free Speech (video): Professor Laura Kipnis talks about what it was like to write about Hustler magazine even though it offended her own values. This experience taught her about the right to offend and how she has learned a lot from it.
Free Speech, Even for Richard Spencer (video): Should alt-right leader Richard Spencer have the right to speak without getting punched? Danish journalist Flemming Rose says toleration demands it.
Shaming Someone Doesn't Change Their Mind (video): Learn Liberty breaks down the science of persuasion, citing the work of Alana Conner, cultural scientist as Stanford University.
For a full transcript, please visit: http://www.learnliberty.org/videos/debate-should-we-limit-free-speech-for-nazis/
Your resource for exploring the ideas of a free society. We tackle big questions about what makes a society free or prosperous and how we can improve the world we live in. Watch more at http://www.learnliberty.org/.
What You Need to Know Before Buying Firearms
The coronavirus pandemic has exposed the fragility of life as we know it. Social norms have changed, people are hoarding supplies, and gun sales have spiked.
Will Witt sits with the security professionals at Covered Six to get expert advice on firearms, personal safety, home security, and how to be as prepared as possible in these uncertain times.
Follow the Science
Brian Keating is an astrophysicist at a major university. Science is his life. But when he hears someone say to “follow the science,” he gets nervous. Because that’s not how science works. And never has.
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I'm an astrophysicist at a major university. Science is my life. But when I hear somebody somberly intone, "science says" or "follow the science," I get very nervous.
Science doesn't belong to any ideology. Science is the never-ending search for new knowledge.
That's what science means in Latin, by the way—knowledge. Not wisdom. Not morality. Not social policy. Knowledge. What we do with that knowledge is where wisdom, morality, and social policy enter the picture.
Knowledge, it turns out, isn't so easy to come by. And sometimes what we think we know for certain (the earth sure does look flat when we're standing on it) turns out not to be so certain.
Of course, I trust in basic scientific truths—those things for which there is overwhelming evidence like, say, gravity; even that humans play a role in the warming of the planet.
But scientists—even the best ones—can get things wrong.
The brilliant astrophysicist Sir Fred Hoyle believed the universe existed in a steady state forever and had no beginning. But his view, once held sacrosanct by all astrophysicists, no longer holds. It's been superseded by the Big Bang theory that the universe had a beginning and is still expanding.
In the 20th century, some of the most respected scientists in the world, including Nobel Prize winners, believed in eugenics—the reprehensible idea that the human race could be improved by selective breeding. The National Academy of Sciences, the American Medical Association, and the Rockefeller Foundation supported it. By the middle of the century, it had been thoroughly rejected as quackery. No reputable scientist would have anything to do with this idea.
So, we all need to get over this notion that just because someone—be it a politician, a bureaucrat, or even a scientist—employs the phrase "science says" means whatever they're saying is right.
It might be right. But it might also be wrong. And if it's wrong, it won't necessarily be a bunch of scientists who say it's wrong. It might be one guy.
Ask Einstein. One hundred scientists wrote a book explaining why his theory of relativity was wrong. He quipped, “If I were wrong, then one would've been enough.''
It takes a lot to convince scientists to accept a new theory, especially if that new theory refutes what they have always believed—in some cases, what they've staked their entire careers on. As Richard Feynman, one of the most eminent physicists of the 20th century, famously said, "Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts…" What Feynman is saying is that a good scientist should always maintain a healthy amount of skepticism. Science is, by its nature, provisional. Science would stagnate if we merely accepted proclamations of past authorities.
So how do we do good science? This is not a new question. Since the 17th century, scientists have employed the so-called scientific method to guide their work. It's not a perfect guide by any means, but it's pretty darn good.
The method involves: 1. Formulating a theory. 2. Predicting the evidence that should be found if the theory is true. 3. Collecting data. 4. Analyzing the data. 5. Refining the theory and presenting evidence to other experts.
The philosopher Karl Popper added one more item to this list. Popper said that a subject is scientific if, and only if, it can be falsified. In other words, if your theory can't be tested—if it can't be proven wrong, it's probably not good science.
This is just one reason why we have to be very careful about putting too much faith in "models." They often can't be tested. Models are predictions of the future based on current data. They can easily get things wrong.
First of all, the future (in case you hadn't noticed) is very hard to predict. And the further out you go into the future, the less secure the prediction.
For the complete script visit https://www.prageru.com/video/follow-the-science
Does the First Amendment Protect Hate Speech?
America's Town Hall: Join the American Constitution Society and the Federalist Society for a debate hosted by the National Constitution Center on whether the First Amendment protects hate speech.
Speakers include David French of the National Review, and Shannon Gilreath of Wake Forest University School of Law.
This event was moderated by Jeffrey Rosen, President and CEO, National Constitution Center.
Note: The following video contains profane language in the context of the discussion between event panelists.
The Offline Origins of Online Hate and What to Do About It | Nhi Le | TEDxUniHalle
When people encounter hateful comments online, there is often the tendency to ascribe this behavior to the nature of the Internet itself. As the argument goes, people feel safe to comment what they please because of the anonymity granted to them by their avatars and usernames. In reality, however, even in situations lacking anonymity, online hate persists: in the same hateful comments, direct messages, or even page-long e-mails.
This talk aims to explain why online hate is not “Internet-made” but rather a reflection of existing sentiments in society. It speaks to why it is our civic duty to not look away and offers advice on how to engage hateful content online.
Nhi Le is a journalist, host, and speaker from Germany who focuses on the topics of feminism and sexism in contemporary media. Through her research as well as her personal experiences as a victim of online hate speech, the phenomenon of “online hate” has become an additional focus of her work.
She has written for the daily newspaper taz and has worked as a speaker for Reporters Without Borders, Amnesty International, ZEIT Campus, Terre des Femmes, and more. She has a Bachelor of Arts in Communication and Media Studies and is currently pursuing a dual Master’s degree from the University of Leipzig and Ohio University in Global Mass Communication and Journalism. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx
Does Free Speech Offend You?
Should offensive speech be banned? Where should we, as a society, draw the line where permitted speech is on one side, and forbidden speech is on the other? Should we even have that line? And should free speech be limited by things like trigger warnings and punishments for microaggressions? Greg Lukianoff, president of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, answers these questions and more.
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Freedom of speech. The ability to express yourself. It's a cherished idea -- as well it should be. Most of us who live in liberal Western democracies think of it as a basic human right. People have fought and died for it. But now we may be in danger of losing it.
The threat is not coming from without -- from external enemies -- but from within. A generation is being raised not to believe in freedom OF speech, but rather that they should have freedom FROM speech -- from speech they dislike. This is a threat to both pluralism and democracy itself.
We see this in Europe where "sensitivity-based" censorship attempts to ban anything deemed hateful or even just hurtful, and to ban criticism of religion, especially Islam.
But the United States, despite its strong Constitutional protections in the Bill of Rights is far from immune from the rising trend of suppression of speech, or what is sometimes called political correctness. This is especially true at America's colleges and universities, the place where our future leaders are educated and where you'd expect speech to be the most free.
Highly restrictive speech codes are now the norm on campuses, not the exception. According to a study by my organization, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education -- FIRE -- 54% of public universities and 59% of private universities impose politically correct speech codes on their students. And thanks to recent Department of Education guidelines 100% of colleges may adopt speech codes in the coming years.
How bad is it?
At a public campus in California on Constitution Day in 2013, a student who also happens to be a decorated military veteran was told he could not hand out copies of the Constitution to his fellow students. The objection from the university was not ideological; it was out of control bureaucracy imposing limits on speech.
That same day another college student in that same state was told he could not protest NSA surveillance outside of a tiny "free speech zone," an area that comprised only 1.37% of the campus.
Months later, college students in Hawaii were told both they could not hand out the constitution to their fellow students and that they could not protest NSA policies outside the school's free speech zone! FIRE took these colleges to court, but the that fact we had to shows you how bad it has become.
Recently, students and sympathetic faculty have joined forces to exclude campus speakers whose opinions they dislike. At FIRE we call this "disinvitation season" although the season lasts all year round.
Since 2009 there has been a major uptick in the push by students and faculty to get speakers they dislike disinvited. These speakers have included former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice; the Somali-born feminist and critic of Islam, Ayaan Hirsi Ali; and the director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde. And that's only the obvious part of the disinvitation problem. Few conservative speakers are invited to speak at colleges lest they have to be "disinivited" later.
For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/does-free-speech-offend-you